American English Videos/Pronunciation Practice/1. Pronunciation: Past Tense Regular Verbs -ed

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American English Videos/Pronunciation Practice/1. Pronunciation: Past Tense Regular Verbs -ed
Autor American English at State
Área Comunicación y Lenguaje L 3, Inglés
Tipo de licencia Estándar de YouTube
Formato Vídeo
Responsable de curación Editor
Última actualización 2016/05/02
Localización https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4_s12MkuvFQ


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0:06 Hello. Welcome to pronunciation practice.
0:10 My name is Sammy
0:13 and I am an American English language student.
0:17 Today we are going to practice pronouncing past tense
0:23 sounds using regular verbs ending in "-ed".
0:29 For regular verbs, we usually add "-ed" to the end of the verb to make it past tense.
0:37 The spelling is easy because you just add "-ed"
0:41 but the pronunciation can be a little tricky.
0:45 Last weekend, I walked to the restaurant.
0:49 When I got there, I glanced through the menu.
0:54 The waiter arrived, and I ordered a steak.
0:59 After dinner, the waiter handed me the bill.
1:03 I left happy because my meal tasted great.
1:08 These verbs all have the past tense "-ed".
1:14 but they are pronounced in three different ways.
1:17 In walked and glanced the "-ed" makes a /t/ sound.
1:25 Walked. Glanced.
1:28 The "-ed" in arrived and ordered ended with a /d/ sound.
1:38 Arrived. Ordered.
1:44 The "-ed" in "handed" and "tasted" ended with an /Id/ sound.
1:54 Handed. Tasted.
1:58 So how do you know which "-ed" pronunciation to use?
2:04 There are three rules to remember.
2:06 First, if the verb ends in a /t/ or /d/ sound, use the /Id/ ending.
2:15 For example, the past tense of verbs "want" and "need"
2:21 becomes "wanted" or "needed".
2:27 If the verb ends in one of the following voiceless sounds,
2:31 such as /p/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /sh/, /ch/, or /th/
2:41 use the /t/ sound for past tense.
2:45 For example we have "helped" and "washed".
2:52 If the verb ends in any vowel or in a voiced sound like
2:59 /l/, /m/, /n/, /j/, /r/, /g/, /b/, /v/, /w/, /z/,
3:10 use the /d/ ending.
3:13 For example, "called", "played".
3:17 Remember how we saw that spelling and sounds don't match up?
3:23 Well look at the following words. "Missed", "sliced", and "fixed".
3:30 The last sound in each verb is spelled differently
3:34 but they all make the /s/ sound.
3:38 That's why they get the /t/ past tense ending.
3:43 Remember to focus on the last sound of a word.
3:49 Both"promised" and "closed" have an "s" before the "-ed" ending.
3:57 However, promised has an "s" sound and closed has a "z" sound.
4:05 That's why promised has a /t/ ending
4:09 and closed has the /d/ ending.
4:13 Now you try.
4:15 What are the American English pronunciations for these past tense verbs?
4:21 Click pause to try the activitiy
4:24 and press play when you are ready to continue.
4:32 I used an umbrella. The ice cream melted.
4:37 He pushed the button. I studied for the test.
4:44 Next time, we'll practice pronouncing long and short vowels.
4:49 This is American English. Thanks for watching!

For more information, visit: http://www.americanenglish.state.gov/.